SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2021
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
NOTE 3 –SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Interim Financial Statements
The unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 8-03 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included.
For annual reporting periods after December 15, 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) made effective Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-09 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers,” to supersede previous revenue recognition guidance under current GAAP. Revenue is now recognized in accordance with FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 606, Revenue Recognition (“ASC Topic 606”). The objective of the guidance is to establish the principles that an entity shall apply to report useful information to users of financial statements about the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from a contract with a customer. The core principle is to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. Two options were made available for implementation of the standard: the full retrospective approach or modified retrospective approach. The guidance became effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted ASC Topic 606 for its reporting period as of the year ended December 31, 2017, which made its implementation of ASC Topic 606 effective in the first quarter of 2018. The Company decided to implement the modified retrospective transition method to implement ASC Topic 606, with no restatement of the comparative periods presented. Using this transition method, the Company applied the new standards to all new contracts initiated on or after the effective date. The Company also decided to apply this method to any incomplete contracts it determined are subject to ASC Topic 606 prospectively. For the quarter ended September 30, 2021, there were no incomplete contracts. As is more fully discussed below, the Company is of the opinion that none of its contracts for services or products contain significant financing components that require revenue adjustment under ASC Topic 606.
Identification of Our Contracts with Customers
Contracts included in the Company’s application of ASC Topic 606 for the quarter ended September 30, 2021 consisted of sales of the Company’s hempSMART™ products, as well as products from its new subsidiary cDistro. With respect to the Company’s financial accounting, bookkeeping and/or real property management consulting services, to date no contracts have been entered into, and thus no reportable revenues have resulted for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2020 or 2019, or for the quarter ended September 30, 2021.
In accordance with ASC Topic 606, the Company is of the opinion that some of its product sales have a significant financing component. The Company’s opinion is based upon the transactional basis for its product sales, with revenue recognized upon customer payment and/or shipment. The Company’s evaluation of the length of time between some of the customer orders, payment and shipping is a significant financing component, while other shipments occurs the same day as the order is placed and payment made by the customer. The Company’s evaluation of its consulting services is based upon recognizing revenue as the services are performed for a determinable price per hour. The Company only recognizes revenues as incurred and charge billable hours. Because the Company’s hourly fees for services are fixed and determinable and are only earned and recognized as revenue upon actual performance, the Company is of the opinion that such arrangements are not an indicator of a vendor or customer based significant financing that would materially change the amount of revenue the Company recognizes under the contract or would otherwise contain a significant financing component under ASC Topic 606.
Determination of the Price in Our Sales Contracts
The transaction prices in the Company’s sales contract are the amount of consideration the Company expects to be entitled to for transferring promised products. The consideration amount is fixed and not variable. The transaction price is allocated to the identified performance obligations in the contract. These allocated amounts are recognized as revenue when or as the performance obligations are fulfilled, which is concurrently upon receipt of shipment and or/payment. There are no future options for a contract when considering and determining the transaction price. The Company excludes amounts third parties will eventually collect, such as sales tax, when determining the transaction price. Since the timing between receiving consideration and transferring goods or services for some of the products are not immediate, the Company’s sales contract have a significant financing component, i.e., recognizing revenue at the amount that reflects the invoice and/or cash payment that the customer would have made at the time the goods or services were transferred to them (cash or invoice selling price).
Allocation of the Transaction Price of Our Sales Contracts
The Company’s sales contracts are not considered multi-element arrangements which require the fulfillment of multiple performance obligations. Rather, the Company’s sales contracts include one performance obligation in each contract. As such, from the outset, the Company allocates the total consideration to each performance obligation based on the fixed and determinable standalone selling price, which the Company believes is an accurate representation of what the price is in each transaction.
Recognition of Revenue when the Performance Obligation is Satisfied
A performance obligation is satisfied when or as control of the good or service is transferred to the customer. ASC 606-10-20 defines control as “the ability to direct the use of, and obtain substantially all of the remaining benefits from, the asset.” For performance obligations that are fulfilled at a point in time, revenue is recognized at the fulfillment of the performance obligation. As noted above, the Company’s performance obligation sales contracts are related to its promise to provide products to the customers upon delivery and/or receipt of payment, and upon completion, allows the Company to realize revenue under its revenue recognition policy.
With respect to the Company’s offered financial accounting, bookkeeping and/or real property management consulting services, to date no contracts have been entered into, and thus no reportable revenues have resulted for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 or for the quarter ended September 30, 2021.
Identifying the Performance Obligations in Our Sales Contracts
In analyzing the Company’s sales contracts, the Company’s policy is to identify the distinct performance obligations in a sales contract arrangement. In determining the Company’s performance obligations under its sales contracts, the Company considers that the terms and conditions of sales are explicitly outlined in its sales contracts and are so distinct and identifiable within the context of each sales contract, and so are not integrated with other goods, or constitute a modification or customization of other goods in the Company’s contracts, or are highly dependent or highly integrated with other goods in the Company’s sales contracts. Thus, the Company’s performance obligations are singularly related to its promise to provide the products upon delivery and/or receipt of payment. The Company offers an assurance warranty on its products that allows a customer to return any products within 30 days if not satisfied for any reason. Assurance warranties are not identifiable performance obligations since they may be elected at the whim of the customer for any reason. However, the Company does account for returns of purchase prices, if made.
Income From Lease
On May 20, 2021, the Company purchased a new cannabis extraction machine which is to be leased to a cannabis distributor and manufacturer called Lynwood-MCOA joint venture. This joint venture is between Cannabis Global Inc. and the Company and pertains to the licensed cannabis operations of Natural Plant Extract of California Inc. in the city of Lynwood, CA. The Company has retained control of title of the machine. The Equipment was leased to Lynwood- MCOA joint venture for a monthly fee of $7,500, beginning ninety (90) days after the Effective Date of May 20, 2021, for a period of two (2) years. After this two-year period, title to all such equipment shall revert to the joint venture at the agreed upon residual value of the equipment. The Company recorded $12,581 and $0 in equipment lease revenues for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively pursuant to ASC 842.
Revenue from product sales, including delivery fees, is recognized when (1) an order is placed by the customer; (2) the price is fixed and determinable when the order is placed; (3) the customer is required to and concurrently pays for the product upon order; and (4) the product is shipped. The evaluation of the Company’s recognition of revenue after the adoption of ASC Topic 606 did not include any judgments or changes to judgments that affected the Company’s reporting of revenues since the Company’s product sales, both pre and post adoption of ASC Topic 606 were evaluated using the same standards as noted above, reflecting revenue recognition upon order, payment and shipment, which all occurs concurrently when the order is placed and paid for by the customer, and the product is shipped. Further, given the facts that (1) the Company’s customers exercise discretion in determining the timing of when they place their product order and (2) the price negotiated in the Company’s product sales is fixed and determinable at the time the customer places the order, and there is no delay in shipment, the Company is of the opinion that its product sales do not indicate or involve any significant customer financing that would materially change the amount of revenue recognized under the sales transaction, or would otherwise contain a significant financing component for the Company or the customer under ASC Topic 606.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant estimates include the fair value of the Company’s stock, stock-based compensation, fair values relating to derivative liabilities, debt discounts and the valuation allowance related to deferred tax assets. Actual results may differ from these estimates.
The Company considers cash to consist of cash on hand and temporary investments having an original maturity of 90 days or less that are readily convertible into cash.
Concentrations of Credit Risk
The Company’s financial instruments that are exposed to a concentration of credit risk are cash and accounts receivable. Occasionally, the Company’s cash in interest-bearing accounts may exceed FDIC insurance limits. The financial stability of these institutions is periodically reviewed by senior management.
Trade receivables are carried at their estimated collectible amounts. Trade credit is generally extended on a short-term basis. Thus, trade receivables do not bear interest. Trade accounts receivable are periodically evaluated for collectability based on past credit history with customers and their current financial condition.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
Any charges to the allowance for doubtful accounts on accounts receivable are charged to operations in amounts sufficient to maintain the allowance for uncollectible accounts at a level management believes is adequate to cover any probable losses. Management determines the adequacy of the allowance based on historical write-off percentages and the current status of accounts receivable. Accounts receivable are charged off against the allowance when collectability is determined to be permanently impaired. As of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, allowance for doubtful accounts was $37,632 and $0, respectively.
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market with cost being determined on a first-in, first-out (FIFO) basis. The Company writes down its inventory for estimated obsolescence or unmarketable inventory equal to the difference between the cost of inventory and the estimated market value based upon assumptions about future demand and market conditions. If actual market conditions are less favorable than those projected by management, additional inventory write-downs may be required. During the periods presented, there were no inventory write-downs.
Cost of Sales
Cost of sales is comprised of cost of product sold, packaging, and shipping costs.
The Company accounts for the stock-based compensation in which the Company obtains employee services in share-based payment transactions under the recognition and measurement principles of the fair value recognition provisions of ASC 718-10-30. Pursuant to ASC 718-10-30-6, all transactions in which goods or services are the consideration received for the issuance of equity instruments are accounted for based on the fair value of the consideration received or the fair value of the equity instrument issued, whichever is more reliably measurable.
The measurement date used to determine the fair value of the equity instrument issued is the earlier of the date on which the performance is complete or the date on which it is probable that performance will occur.
If the Company is a newly formed corporation or shares of the Company are thinly traded, the use of share prices established in the Company’s most recent private placement based on sales to third parties or weekly or monthly price observations would generally be more appropriate than the use of daily price observations as such shares could be artificially inflated due to a larger spread between the bid and asked quotes and lack of consistent trading in the market.
The fair value of share options and similar instruments is estimated on the date of grant using a Binomial Option Model option-pricing valuation model. The ranges of assumptions for inputs are as follows:
Generally, all forms of share-based payments, including stock options, warrants, restricted stock and stock appreciation rights are measured at their fair value on the grant date of the award based on the estimated number of awards that are ultimately expected to vest.
The expense resulting from share-based payments is recorded in general and administrative expense in the statements of operations.
Stock-Based Compensation – Non Employees
Equity Instruments Issued to Parties Other Than Employees for Acquiring Goods or Services
In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07, Compensation – Stock Compensation: Improvement to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting (“Topic 718”).The ASU supersedes ASC 505-50, Equity-Based Payment to Non-Employment, and expands the scope of the Topic 718 to include stock-based payments granted to non-employees. Under the new guidance, the measurement date and performance and vesting conditions for stock-based payments to non-employees are aligned with those of employees, most notably aligning the award measurement date with the grant date of an award. The new guidance is required to be adopted using the modified retrospective transition approach. The Company adopted the new guidance effective January 1, 2019, and the adoption did not have a material impact on its financial statements and related disclosures.
The fair value of share options and similar instruments is estimated on the date of grant using a Binomial option-pricing valuation model. The ranges of assumptions for inputs are as follows:
Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding during the period. “Diluted earnings per share” reflects the potential dilution that could occur if the Company’s share-based awards and convertible securities were exercised or converted into common stock. The dilutive effect of the Company’s share-based awards is computed using the treasury stock method, which assumes all share-based awards are exercised and the hypothetical proceeds from exercise are used to purchase common stock at the average market price during the period. The incremental shares (difference between shares assumed to be issued versus purchased), to the extent they would have been dilutive, are included in the denominator of the diluted earnings per share calculation. The dilutive effect of the Company’s convertible preferred stock and convertible debentures is computed using the if-converted method, which assumes conversion at the beginning of the year.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment are stated at cost. When retired or otherwise disposed, the related carrying value and accumulated depreciation are removed from the respective accounts and the net difference less any amount realized from disposition, is reflected in earnings. For financial statement purposes, property and equipment are recorded at cost and depreciated using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives of 3 to 5 years.
The Company follows ASC subtopic 321-10, Investments-Equity Securities which requires the accounting for an equity security to be measured at fair value with changes in unrealized gains and losses are included in current period operations. Where an equity security is without a readily determinable fair value, the Company may elect to estimate its fair value at cost minus impairment plus or minus changes resulting from observable price changes (See Note 6).
Derivative Financial Instruments
The Company classifies as equity any contracts that (i) require physical settlement or net-share settlement or (ii) provide the Company with a choice of net-cash settlement or settlement in its own shares (physical settlement or net-share settlement) providing that such contracts are indexed to the Company's own stock. The Company classifies as assets or liabilities any contracts that (i) require net-cash settlement (including a requirement to net cash settle the contract if an event occurs and if that event is outside the Company’s control) or (ii) gives the counterparty a choice of net-cash settlement or settlement in shares (physical settlement or net-share settlement). The Company assesses classification of its common stock purchase warrants and other free-standing derivatives at each reporting date to determine whether a change in classification between equity and liabilities is required.
The Company’s free-standing derivatives consisted of conversion options embedded within its issued convertible debt and warrants with anti-dilutive (reset) provisions. The Company evaluated these derivatives to assess their proper classification in the balance sheet using the applicable classification criteria enumerated under GAAP. The Company determined that certain conversion and exercise options do not contain fixed settlement provisions. The convertible notes contain a conversion feature and warrants have a reset provision such that the Company could not ensure it would have adequate authorized shares to meet all possible conversion demands. As such, the Company was required to record the conversion feature and the reset provision which does not have fixed settlement provisions as liabilities and mark to market all such derivatives to fair value at the end of each reporting period.
The Company has adopted a sequencing policy that reclassifies contracts (from equity to assets or liabilities) with the most recent inception date first. Thus, any available shares are allocated first to contracts with the most recent inception dates.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Fair value estimates discussed herein are based upon certain market assumptions and pertinent information available to management as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020. The respective carrying value of certain on-balance-sheet financial instruments approximated their fair values. These financial instruments include cash and accounts payable. Fair values were assumed to approximate carrying values for cash, accounts payables and short term notes because they are short term in nature.
The Company follows the policy of charging the costs of advertising to expense as incurred. The Company charged to operations $183,491 and $159,428 for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, as advertising costs.
ASC subtopic Segment Reporting 280-10 ("ASC 280-10") establishes standards for reporting information regarding operating segments in annual financial statements and requires selected information for those segments to be presented in interim financial reports issued to stockholders. ASC 280-10 also establishes standards for related disclosures about products and services and geographic areas. Operating segments are identified as components of an enterprise about which separate discrete financial information is available for evaluation by the chief operating decision maker, or decision-making group, in making decisions how to allocate resources and assess performance. The information disclosed herein materially represents all of the financial information related to the Company's principal operating segments, cDistro and hempSMART.
The following table represents the Company's hempSMART' business segment as of September 30, 2021 and 2020:
The following table represents the Company's cDistro business segment as of September 30, 2021
Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the estimated future tax effects of net operating loss and credit carry forwards and temporary differences between the tax basis of assets and liabilities and their respective financial reporting amounts measured at the current enacted tax rates. The Company records an estimated valuation allowance on its deferred income tax assets if it is not more likely than not that these deferred income tax assets will be realized.
The Company recognizes a tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by taxing authorities based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the condensed consolidated financial statements from such a position are measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. As of September 30, 2021 and 2020, the Company has not0 recorded any unrecognized tax benefits.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06, “Debt – Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging – Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815 – 40)” (“ASU 2020-06”). ASU 2020-06 simplifies the accounting for certain financial instruments with characteristics of liabilities and equity, including convertible instruments and contracts on an entity’s own equity. The ASU is part of the FASB’s simplification initiative which aims to reduce unnecessary complexity in GAAP. The ASU’s amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently evaluating the impact ASU 2020-06 will have on its financial statements.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements Adopted
Accounting for Income Taxes In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes (Topic 740). The amendments in ASU 2019-12 simplify the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles in ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes. The amendments also improve consistent application of and simplify U.S. GAAP for other areas of ASC Topic 740 by clarifying and amending existing guidance. ASU 2019-12 became effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal year 2021. The adoption of this standard did not have any impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.
Equity Securities, Equity-method Investments and Certain Derivatives In January 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-01, Investments-Equity Securities (Topic 321), Investments-Equity Method and Joint Ventures (Topic 323), and Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815)-Clarifying the Interactions between Topic 321, Topic 323, and Topic 815. The guidance provides clarification of the interaction of rules for equity securities, the equity method of accounting and forward contracts and purchase options on certain types of securities. ASU 2020-01 became effective for the Company in the first quarter of 2021. The adoption of this standard did not have any impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef